Situation Report 2 – May 2022 : Diplomat Magazine

On the ground, the US believes that the Russian military’s Chief of the General Staff, General Valery Gerasimov, who visited Ukraine’s Donbas region may have been wounded during fighting. The April 30th Ukrainian artillery strike on the Russian command post in Izyum may be continuing to disrupt Russian efforts on the Izyum axis and may have injured Gerasimov and key staff. 


Russian troops on the Donetsk-Luhansk frontline and southern Axis continued to regroup, likely in preparation for renewed offensives or to resist or reverse Ukrainian counter-offensives.


The UK Ministry of Defence believes that more than one quarter of the 120 Battalion Tactical Groups (BTGs) Russia committed at the start of the war in Ukraine are likely now ineffective for combat.  The ministry’s latest intelligence briefing reportedly said Russia’s initial commitment represented about 65 percent of its entire ground combat strength.


Up to 3,000 Ukrainian soldiers have reportedly been killed in the war. 


Russian and Belarusian forces continue “demonstrative actions” to fix Ukrainian forces around Kyiv in place.


Russia is continuing to partially blockade the heavily hit city of Kharkiv. Russian shelling intensified in Kharkiv and Kharkiv Oblast, targeting residential areas.


Ukraine’s defence ministry has said the country’s army have regained control of a number of villages in the northeastern Kharkiv region including Ruska Lozova. Ukrainian operations around Kharkiv are meant to slow Russia’s Donbas offensive to the south by bleeding away Russian forces to hold ground around Kharkiv. 


Russia is planning imminently to “annex” the two eastern regions of Donetsk and Luhansk Ukraine.


Russian forces continued their grinding offensive directed at Lyman, Izyum and Barvinkove where Russia is trying to mount a big surge. 


Ukrainian soldiers defending the village of New York, near Donetsk repelled several attacks as Russian forces tried to outflank their positions.


Russia has moved 800 soldiers to Popasna as “reinforcements” for its offensive in the Donbas. The town is part of Russia’s campaign to try and surround the urban centres of Slovyansk and Kramatorsk.


Ukraine’s military has said Russia is redeploying some forces from Mariupol to the eastern Luhansk region as Moscow presses ahead with its refocused offensive in the Donbas.


A grain warehouse has been destroyed by a missile attack in the Sinelnikovsky district of the Dnipropetrovsk region.


Two people have been killed and four injured as a result of shelling in the town of Orikhiv in the Zaporizhzhia region.


Ukraine said Russian planes continued to launch air attacks on Mariupol, focusing on the Azovstal steelworks. 


Up to 200 civilians remained trapped inside bunkers in the Azovstal steel works after an evacuation operation led by the UN to save civilians from the site ended. 


Russian forces try to ‘create conditions’ to advance towards Mykolaiv, Kryvyi Rih. Russia aims to occupy the whole Kherson Oblast and “create favorable conditions” to attack the cities of Mykolaiv and Kryvyi Rih.


Ukraine has announced the temporary closure of its four main seaports of Berdyansk, Mariupol, Skadovsk, and Kherson

after losing control of them to Russian forces.


A rocket strike hit the Black Sea port city of Odesa in southwestern Ukraine on Monday evening, causing deaths and injuries. 


A Russian rocket strike hit a strategically important bridge across the Dniester estuary in the Odesa region of southwest Ukraine. The bridge, which has already been hit twice by Russian forces, provides the only road and rail link on Ukrainian territory to a large southern section of the Odesa region. 


A Ukrainian Bayraktar drone destroyed two Russian Raptor-class patrol ships in the Black Sea on Monday. Russia has lost eight warships including its flagship cruiser, a large amphibious assault ship and a frigate. 





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